multipolarity

Olaf Scholz’s Manifesto For Foreign Affairs Magazine Confirms Germany’s Hegemonic Ambitions

Olaf Scholz’s Manifesto For Foreign Affairs Magazine Confirms Germany’s Hegemonic Ambitions
08.12.2022

The German leader just published what can be interpreted as his manifesto explaining why his country must supposedly restore its prior hegemonic status, and it was released by none other than the same magazine run by the Council on Foreign Affairs, which is regarded as among the most influential policymaking platforms in the US-led West’s Golden Billion. The very fact that they ran his manifesto can be regarded as this de facto New Cold War bloc’s tacit support for Germany’s hegemonic ambitions.

Russia’s Energy Geopolitics With China & India

Russia’s Energy Geopolitics With China & India
02.12.2022

The top takeaways from this analysis are several. First, Russia’s energy geopolitics with China and India are mutually beneficial. Second, China’s energy diversification strategy is being balanced out by India’s insatiable appetite for discounted Russian resources. Third, India is rapidly replacing China as Russia’s top partner. Fourth, neither the aforesaid nor the ongoing Sino-American discussions over a New Détente are zero-sum for Moscow or Beijing. And finally, a new global strategic balance is emerging.

Second world, semi-periphery and state civilisation in a multipolar world theory. Part Three.

Second world, semi-periphery and state civilisation in a multipolar world theory. Part Three.
29.11.2022

We come to a third concept, crucial for understanding the transition from a unipolar to a multipolar world and the place of the BRICS countries in this process. We are talking about the concept of the civilisation-state. This idea has been formulated by Chinese scholars (in particular by Professor Zhang Weiwei) and most often the concept of the civilisation-state is applied to modern China and then by analogy to Russia, India, etc. In the Russian context, a similar theory was put forward by the Eurasians, who proposed the concept of the Peace-State. Actually, in that trend, Russia was understood as a civilisation, not just one of the countries, hence the main Eurasian concept - Russia-Eurasia.

Second World, Semiperiphery and State-Civilisation in Multipolar World Theory [Part Two]

Second World, Semiperiphery and State-Civilisation in Multipolar World Theory [Part Two]
25.11.2022

Let us now turn to a different theory: the 'world-system analysis' constructed by Immanuel Wallerstein. Wallerstein, an exponent of the Marxist school of International Relations (especially in its Trotskyist interpretation), on the basis of the doctrine of "the long run" (F. Braudel) and the Latin American theorists of structural economics (R. Prebisch, S. Furtado), developed a model of world zoning according to the level of development of capitalism. This view represents a development of Vladimir Lenin's ideas on imperialism as the highest stage of development of capitalism, according to which the capitalist system naturally gravitates towards globalisation and the spread of its influence over all humanity. Colonial wars between the developed powers are only the initial stage. Capitalism is gradually realising the unity of its supranational goals and forming the core of world government. This is fully consistent with liberal International Relations theory, where the phenomenon of 'imperialism', critically understood by Marxists, is described in apologetic terms as the goal of a 'global society', the One World.

Second World, Semiperiphery and State-Civilization in Multipolar World Theory

Second World, Semiperiphery and State-Civilisation in Multipolar World Theory
23.11.2022

To understand the fundamental transformation of the world order before us, and especially the transition from a unipolar (globalist) to a multipolar model, different conceptual units and methods can be used. They should gradually develop into a more or less coherent theory of a multipolar world. I proposed the first version of this theory in my books The Theory of a Multipolar World and Geopolitics of the Multipolar World, but these are only the first approaches to such a serious topic.